Previous Zonation System:
- 2 conflicting zonation systems
- Unclear demarcation of zones
- Ambiguous rules for each zone
- Initial attempts in govt offices stagnated
- New focus on 2 primary user groups: villagers and marine tourism operators (in conjunction with BTNB rangers)
- Village-by-village process, starting with Bunaken Island
- Accommodate current use patterns, formulate explicit rules for each zone
- Parallel meetings with 2 user groups, using combination of open and focal group meetings
- Bunaken island completed in late 2000, signed off as agreement between BTNB and 2 village governments, followed by 22 other villages
- Both user groups willing to compromise
- Draft revision widely distributed, 1 month public commentary period, then “firestorm of publicity” using billboards, posters, etc.
- Formalized by the DG of Forestry in Feb, 2008
Features of Bunaken Zonation:
- 8 original zones reduced to 3 primary zones with clearly understandable zone names
- No more “jigsaw puzzle” zonation - 11 original tourism zones reduced to 3 large ones with clearly demarcated borders.
- EXPLICIT rules for each zone that reflect a compromise of different user groups’ activities.
- ITS WORKING! 11.3% increase in hard coral cover in 2 years
Click here to view maps..